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In advance of the congress, delegates were provided with a notebook of background materials. These materials featured reports and information items from federal and state agencies, and recognized authors and organizations, on topics to be discussed at the congress. Many delegates commented on the usefulness of the information and the fact that it had not previously been assembled in a cohesive manner. A bibliography of these items along with internet sites (where available) is provided below.


National Coastal Condition Report II, U.S. EPA. Executive Summary, September 2004.

Beach, Dana. Coastal Sprawl: The Effects of Urban Design on Aquatic Ecosystems in the United States. Pew Oceans Commission, 2002.

U.S. Global Change Research Program. Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. Pages 108-113. 2000.

The Ocean Conservancy. “Ocean Waters” in Health of the Oceans 2002.

Priorities for Coastal Ecosystem Science. National Academy of Sciences, 1995.

South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium. “The Coast’s Great Leap” in Coastal Heritage. Vol. 19, #2, Fall 2004.


Pew Oceans Commission. America’s Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change. May 2003.

U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century. September 2004.


Eichbaum, William. “Coastal Management and Policy,” in Environmental Science in the Coastal Zone: Issues for Further Research. National Academy of Sciences, 1994.

The Ocean Conservancy. “Ocean Governance” in Health of the Oceans 2002.

Agency Ocean and Coastal Activities, Interagency Ocean Policy Group.


A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. National Academy of Sciences, 2004.

Malone, Thomas. The Coastal Component of the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System.

Government Accountability Office. Watershed Management: Better Coordination of Data Collection Efforts Needed to Support Key Decisions. June 2004.

Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. “The Promise and Limits of Technology” in Innovation by Design: Improving Learning Networks in Coastal Management. 2004.

Draft Strategic Plan for the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System. Office of Science and Technology Policy, 2004.
Enabling Ocean Research in the 21st Century: Implementation of a Network of Ocean Observatories. National Academy of Sciences, 2003.

AAAS Survey on Marine Issues, 2003.

U.S. EPA/Cooperative Extension Partnership. Building Capacity: Educating for Community Action. 2000.

Renewing Local Watersheds: Community Leaders’ Guide to Building Watershed Communities. Iowa State University, University Extension. 2002.

Environmental Law Institute. Building Capacity to Participate in Environmental Protection Agency Activities: A Needs Assessment and Analysis. 1999.

The Ocean Conservancy. Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in the United States Gulf of Maine Region. December 2001.
Gulf of Maine Case Study from Transboundary Collaboration in Ecosystem Management: Integrating Lessons from Experience. April 2001.
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